Portsmouth, NH: Merino Kids announced that scientists have found that babies sleeping in natural merino wool sleep sacks are less likely to overheat and less likely to become damp or chilled compared with babies sleeping in synthetic "polar fleece" baby sleep sacks. The scientists at New Zealand’s largest Crown Research Institute, AgResearch, compared the Merino Kids merino wool baby sleep sack with the most widely-used polar fleece baby sleep sack and determined that the Merino Kids sleep sack had 80 times higher moisture vapor absorption to help keep a baby dry and comfortable throughout the night.
Sleep sacks keep babies covered and warm and take the place of blankets which can cover a baby’s head. Head covering is identified as a risk factor of SIDS. Overheating an infant may also increase their risk of SIDS and the AgResearch team analyzed baby sleep sack properties that influence the thermophysiological comfort of sleeping infants. In other words, how the sleep sacks would affect the ability of a baby’s body to manage heat and moisture to maintain its normal thermal balance.
The results of the scientific study indicate that the Merino Kids merino sleep sack is likely the best option for maintaining a baby’s thermophysiological comfort and well being in a wide range of conditions.
- The merino sleep sack was found to have moisture vapor absorption over 80 times higher than the polar fleece sleep sack. This means that a baby sleeping in the merino sleep sack would be less likely to get damp in areas where moisture vapor transmission is restricted, such as between baby and mattress. Babies often get damp while sleeping, from, for example, condensation of perspiration.
- The merino sleep sack was found to have lower air permeability but the same moisture vapor transmission as the polar fleece sleep sack. The lower air permeability means that in a merino sleep sack the baby is better protected from chilling from normal air movement such as drafts or air conditioning.
- The Merino Kids sleep sack was found to have lower thermal resistance than the polar fleece equivalent as a result of its different knitted fabric structure rather than the different constituent fiber. This lower thermal resistance means that the baby is less likely to overheat in the merino sleep sack. The high thermal resistance of the polar fleece sleep sack, which means it is warmer in completely still air, would be of value in cold environments without airflow. Any normal airflow in the baby nursery would reduce this thermal resistance because of the polar fleece sleep sack’s lower air resistance. If the room temperature rises, the polar fleece sleep slack might result in the baby becoming uncomfortably hot and damp because of polar fleece’s low moisture vapor absorption.
Dr. Stewart Collie, Senior Scientist at AgResearch, concluded: “Our thermophysiological comfort test results, combined with wool’s natural low flammability, its volatile gas absorption properties and non-irritant properties all indicate that merino wool is the ideal fiber type to use in infant sleep sacks.”
Merino wool is a natural renewable resource, re-growing on the merino sheep after shearing. Polar fleece, also known as "microfleece", is a synthetic material derived from non-renewable petrochemical sources invented to mimic wool.
Evolution has endowed the merino sheep with an amazing fine wool fiber with beneficial properties yet to be replicated by synthetic fabrics. Merino clothing is worn by top athletes and adventure sports enthusiasts due to its remarkable natural ability to regulate body temperature; it readily absorbs and releases moisture to keep the wearer warmer in cold conditions and cooler in hot conditions. Unlike standard wool, merino is lightweight, allergy-safe and won’t itch.
Merino Kids of New Zealand is the pioneer of using merino wool for baby sleepwear. “We have always known that merino is best for baby and here is scientific evidence proving it,” said Amie Nilsson, founder of Merino Kids. “Merino is nature’s smart fiber whereas polar fleece is plastic in disguise. I hear often from parents that with polar fleece sleep sacks their babies wake hot and clammy, and some developed a heat rash. This is not the case with natural merino. Our award-winning merino sleep sacks keep babies and toddlers warm, dry and sleeping through the night.”
Natural merino wool trumps synthetic polar fleece for baby sleep, say scientists.
Baby sleep sacks are recommended by health professionals and used by an increasing number of maternity hospitals, but some sleep sacks are better than others.
About Merino Kids
Merino Kids is at the forefront of merino baby sleepwear design and was awarded the prestigious Seal of Outstanding Design Quality in the International Forum Product Design Awards in 2007, in 2008, and again in 2009. The company was founded in New Zealand in 2003 by mother-of-three Amie Nilsson who created the world’s first merino baby sleep sack. Today Merino Kids is the global industry leader in using natural merino fiber for safer baby sleep.